QSurfaceFormat 类

QSurfaceFormat 类表示格式对于 QSurface . 更多...

Header: #include <QSurfaceFormat>
CMake: find_package(Qt6 COMPONENTS Gui REQUIRED)
target_link_libraries(mytarget PRIVATE Qt6::Gui)
qmake: QT += gui
Since: Qt 5.0


enum ColorSpace { DefaultColorSpace, sRGBColorSpace }
enum FormatOption { StereoBuffers, DebugContext, DeprecatedFunctions, ResetNotification }
flags FormatOptions
enum OpenGLContextProfile { NoProfile, CoreProfile, CompatibilityProfile }
enum RenderableType { DefaultRenderableType, OpenGL, OpenGLES, OpenVG }
enum SwapBehavior { DefaultSwapBehavior, SingleBuffer, DoubleBuffer, TripleBuffer }


QSurfaceFormat (const QSurfaceFormat & other )
QSurfaceFormat (QSurfaceFormat::FormatOptions options )
QSurfaceFormat ()
QSurfaceFormat & operator= (const QSurfaceFormat & other )
~QSurfaceFormat ()
int alphaBufferSize () const
int blueBufferSize () const
const QColorSpace & colorSpace () const
int depthBufferSize () const
int greenBufferSize () const
bool hasAlpha () const
int majorVersion () const
int minorVersion () const
QSurfaceFormat::FormatOptions options () const
QSurfaceFormat::OpenGLContextProfile profile () const
int redBufferSize () const
QSurfaceFormat::RenderableType renderableType () const
int samples () const
void setAlphaBufferSize (int size )
void setBlueBufferSize (int size )
void setColorSpace (const QColorSpace & colorSpace )
void setColorSpace (QSurfaceFormat::ColorSpace colorSpace )
void setDepthBufferSize (int size )
void setGreenBufferSize (int size )
void setMajorVersion (int major )
void setMinorVersion (int minor )
void setOption (QSurfaceFormat::FormatOption option , bool on = true)
void setOptions (QSurfaceFormat::FormatOptions options )
void setProfile (QSurfaceFormat::OpenGLContextProfile profile )
void setRedBufferSize (int size )
void setRenderableType (QSurfaceFormat::RenderableType type )
void setSamples (int numSamples )
void setStencilBufferSize (int size )
void setStereo (bool enable )
void setSwapBehavior (QSurfaceFormat::SwapBehavior behavior )
void setSwapInterval (int interval )
void setVersion (int major , int minor )
int stencilBufferSize () const
bool stereo () const
QSurfaceFormat::SwapBehavior swapBehavior () const
int swapInterval () const
bool testOption (QSurfaceFormat::FormatOption option ) const
QPair<int, int> version () const


QSurfaceFormat defaultFormat ()
void setDefaultFormat (const QSurfaceFormat & format )
bool operator!= (const QSurfaceFormat & lhs , const QSurfaceFormat & rhs )
bool operator== (const QSurfaceFormat & lhs , const QSurfaceFormat & rhs )


The format includes the size of the color buffers, red, green, and blue; the size of the alpha buffer; the size of the depth and stencil buffers; and number of samples per pixel for multisampling. In addition, the format contains surface configuration parameters such as OpenGL profile and version for rendering, whether or not to enable stereo buffers, and swap behaviour.

注意: When troubleshooting context or window format issues, it can be helpful to enable the logging category qt.qpa.gl . Depending on the platform, this may print useful debug information when it comes to OpenGL initialization and the native visual or framebuffer configurations which QSurfaceFormat gets mapped to.


enum QSurfaceFormat:: ColorSpace

This enum is used to specify the preferred color space, controlling if the window's associated default framebuffer is able to do updates and blending in a given encoding instead of the standard linear operations.

常量 描述
QSurfaceFormat::DefaultColorSpace 0 默认,未指定色彩空间。
QSurfaceFormat::sRGBColorSpace 1 GL_ARB_framebuffer_sRGB or GL_EXT_framebuffer_sRGB is supported by the platform and this value is set, the window will be created with an sRGB-capable default framebuffer. Note that some platforms may return windows with a sRGB-capable default framebuffer even when not requested explicitly.

enum QSurfaceFormat:: FormatOption
flags QSurfaceFormat:: FormatOptions

This enum contains format options for use with QSurfaceFormat .

常量 描述
QSurfaceFormat::StereoBuffers 0x0001 Used to request stereo buffers in the surface format.
QSurfaceFormat::DebugContext 0x0002 Used to request a debug context with extra debugging information.
QSurfaceFormat::DeprecatedFunctions 0x0004 Used to request that deprecated functions be included in the OpenGL context profile. If not specified, you should get a forward compatible context without support functionality marked as deprecated. This requires OpenGL version 3.0 or higher.
QSurfaceFormat::ResetNotification 0x0008 Enables notifications about resets of the OpenGL context. The status is then queryable via the context's isValid() function. Note that not setting this flag does not guarantee that context state loss never occurs. Additionally, some implementations may choose to report context loss regardless of this flag. Platforms that support dynamically enabling the monitoring of the loss of context, such as, Windows with WGL, or Linux/X11 (xcb) with GLX, will monitor the status in every call to makeCurrent() 。见 isValid() for more information on this.

FormatOptions 类型是 typedef 对于 QFlags <FormatOption>. It stores an OR combination of FormatOption values.

enum QSurfaceFormat:: OpenGLContextProfile

This enum is used to specify the OpenGL context profile, in conjunction with QSurfaceFormat::setMajorVersion () 和 QSurfaceFormat::setMinorVersion ().

Profiles are exposed in OpenGL 3.2 and above, and are used to choose between a restricted core profile, and a compatibility profile which might contain deprecated support functionality.

Note that the core profile might still contain functionality that is deprecated and scheduled for removal in a higher version. To get access to the deprecated functionality for the core profile in the set OpenGL version you can use the QSurfaceFormat format option QSurfaceFormat::DeprecatedFunctions .

常量 描述
QSurfaceFormat::NoProfile 0 OpenGL version is lower than 3.2. For 3.2 and newer this is same as CoreProfile.
QSurfaceFormat::CoreProfile 1 Functionality deprecated in OpenGL version 3.0 is not available.
QSurfaceFormat::CompatibilityProfile 2 Functionality from earlier OpenGL versions is available.

enum QSurfaceFormat:: RenderableType


常量 描述
QSurfaceFormat::DefaultRenderableType 0x0 默认,未指定渲染方法
QSurfaceFormat::OpenGL 0x1 桌面 OpenGL 渲染
QSurfaceFormat::OpenGLES 0x2 OpenGL ES 2.0 渲染
QSurfaceFormat::OpenVG 0x4 开放向量图形渲染

enum QSurfaceFormat:: SwapBehavior

此枚举用于 QSurfaceFormat to specify the swap behaviour of a surface. The swap behaviour is mostly transparent to the application, but it affects factors such as rendering latency and throughput.

常量 描述
QSurfaceFormat::DefaultSwapBehavior 0 默认,平台未指定交换行为。
QSurfaceFormat::SingleBuffer 1 Used to request single buffering, which might result in flickering when OpenGL rendering is done directly to screen without an intermediate offscreen buffer.
QSurfaceFormat::DoubleBuffer 2 This is typically the default swap behaviour on desktop platforms, consisting of one back buffer and one front buffer. Rendering is done to the back buffer, and then the back buffer and front buffer are swapped, or the contents of the back buffer are copied to the front buffer, depending on the implementation.
QSurfaceFormat::TripleBuffer 3 This swap behaviour is sometimes used in order to decrease the risk of skipping a frame when the rendering rate is just barely keeping up with the screen refresh rate. Depending on the platform it might also lead to slightly more efficient use of the GPU due to improved pipelining behaviour. Triple buffering comes at the cost of an extra frame of memory usage and latency, and might not be supported depending on the underlying platform.


QSurfaceFormat:: QSurfaceFormat (const QSurfaceFormat & other )

构造副本为 other .

QSurfaceFormat:: QSurfaceFormat ( QSurfaceFormat::FormatOptions options )

Constructs a QSurfaceFormat with the given format options .

QSurfaceFormat:: QSurfaceFormat ()

构造默认初始化 QSurfaceFormat。

注意: By default OpenGL 2.0 is requested since this provides the highest grade of portability between platforms and OpenGL implementations.

QSurfaceFormat &QSurfaceFormat:: operator= (const QSurfaceFormat & other )

赋值 other 到此对象。

QSurfaceFormat:: ~QSurfaceFormat ()

销毁 QSurfaceFormat .

int QSurfaceFormat:: alphaBufferSize () const

Get the size in bits of the alpha channel of the color buffer.

另请参阅 setAlphaBufferSize ().

int QSurfaceFormat:: blueBufferSize () const

Get the size in bits of the blue channel of the color buffer.

另请参阅 setBlueBufferSize ().

[since 5.10] const QColorSpace &QSurfaceFormat:: colorSpace () const


该函数在 Qt 5.10 引入。

另请参阅 setColorSpace ().

[static, since 5.4] QSurfaceFormat QSurfaceFormat:: defaultFormat ()


setDefaultFormat () 未被调用,这是默认构造的 QSurfaceFormat .

该函数在 Qt 5.4 引入。

另请参阅 setDefaultFormat ().

int QSurfaceFormat:: depthBufferSize () const


另请参阅 setDepthBufferSize ().

int QSurfaceFormat:: greenBufferSize () const

Get the size in bits of the green channel of the color buffer.

另请参阅 setGreenBufferSize ().

bool QSurfaceFormat:: hasAlpha () const

返回 true if the alpha buffer size is greater than zero.

This means that the surface might be used with per pixel translucency effects.

int QSurfaceFormat:: majorVersion () const

Returns the major OpenGL version.

默认版本为 2.0。

另请参阅 setMajorVersion ().

int QSurfaceFormat:: minorVersion () const

Returns the minor OpenGL version.

另请参阅 setMinorVersion ().

[since 5.3] QSurfaceFormat::FormatOptions QSurfaceFormat:: options () const

Returns the currently set format options.

该函数在 Qt 5.3 引入。

另请参阅 setOption (), setOptions (),和 testOption ().

QSurfaceFormat::OpenGLContextProfile QSurfaceFormat:: profile () const

Get the configured OpenGL context profile.

This setting is ignored if the requested OpenGL version is less than 3.2.

另请参阅 setProfile ().

int QSurfaceFormat:: redBufferSize () const

Get the size in bits of the red channel of the color buffer.

另请参阅 setRedBufferSize ().

QSurfaceFormat::RenderableType QSurfaceFormat:: renderableType () const


Chooses between desktop OpenGL, OpenGL ES, and OpenVG .

另请参阅 setRenderableType ().

int QSurfaceFormat:: samples () const

Returns the number of samples per pixel when multisampling is enabled, or -1 when multisampling is disabled. The default return value is -1 .

另请参阅 setSamples ().

void QSurfaceFormat:: setAlphaBufferSize ( int size )

设置期望 size in bits of the alpha channel of the color buffer.

另请参阅 alphaBufferSize ().

void QSurfaceFormat:: setBlueBufferSize ( int size )

设置期望 size in bits of the blue channel of the color buffer.

另请参阅 blueBufferSize ().

[since 6.0] void QSurfaceFormat:: setColorSpace (const QColorSpace & colorSpace )

Sets the preferred colorSpace .

For example, this allows requesting windows with default framebuffers that are sRGB-capable on platforms that support it.

注意: When the requested color space is not supported by the platform, the request is ignored. Query the QSurfaceFormat after window creation to verify if the color space request could be honored or not.

注意: This setting controls if the default framebuffer of the window is capable of updates and blending in a given color space. It does not change applications' output by itself. The applications' rendering code will still have to opt in via the appropriate OpenGL calls to enable updates and blending to be performed in the given color space instead of using the standard linear operations.

该函数在 Qt 6.0 引入。

另请参阅 colorSpace ().

[since 5.10] void QSurfaceFormat:: setColorSpace ( QSurfaceFormat::ColorSpace colorSpace )


Sets the colorspace to one of the predefined values.

该函数在 Qt 5.10 引入。

另请参阅 colorSpace ().

[static, since 5.4] void QSurfaceFormat:: setDefaultFormat (const QSurfaceFormat & format )

Sets the global default surface format .

This format is used by default in QOpenGLContext , QWindow , QOpenGLWidget and similar classes.

It can always be overridden on a per-instance basis by using the class in question's own setFormat() function. However, it is often more convenient to set the format for all windows once at the start of the application. It also guarantees proper behavior in cases where shared contexts are required, because settings the format via this function guarantees that all contexts and surfaces, even the ones created internally by Qt, will use the same format.

注意: When setting Qt::AA_ShareOpenGLContexts , it is strongly recommended to place the call to this function before the construction of the QGuiApplication or QApplication . Otherwise format will not be applied to the global share context and therefore issues may arise with context sharing afterwards.

该函数在 Qt 5.4 引入。

另请参阅 defaultFormat ().

void QSurfaceFormat:: setDepthBufferSize ( int size )

Set the minimum depth buffer size to size .

另请参阅 depthBufferSize ().

void QSurfaceFormat:: setGreenBufferSize ( int size )

设置期望 size in bits of the green channel of the color buffer.

另请参阅 greenBufferSize ().

void QSurfaceFormat:: setMajorVersion ( int major )

设置期望 major OpenGL version.

另请参阅 majorVersion ().

void QSurfaceFormat:: setMinorVersion ( int minor )

设置期望 minor OpenGL version.

默认版本为 2.0。

另请参阅 minorVersion ().

[since 5.3] void QSurfaceFormat:: setOption ( QSurfaceFormat::FormatOption option , bool on = true)

Sets the format option option if on is true; otherwise, clears the option.

该函数在 Qt 5.3 引入。

另请参阅 setOptions (), options (),和 testOption ().

[since 5.3] void QSurfaceFormat:: setOptions ( QSurfaceFormat::FormatOptions options )

Sets the format options to options .

该函数在 Qt 5.3 引入。

另请参阅 options () 和 testOption ().

void QSurfaceFormat:: setProfile ( QSurfaceFormat::OpenGLContextProfile profile )

Sets the desired OpenGL context profile .

This setting is ignored if the requested OpenGL version is less than 3.2.

另请参阅 profile ().

void QSurfaceFormat:: setRedBufferSize ( int size )

设置期望 size in bits of the red channel of the color buffer.

另请参阅 redBufferSize ().

void QSurfaceFormat:: setRenderableType ( QSurfaceFormat::RenderableType type )

设置期望可渲染 type .

Chooses between desktop OpenGL, OpenGL ES, and OpenVG .

另请参阅 renderableType ().

void QSurfaceFormat:: setSamples ( int numSamples )

Set the preferred number of samples per pixel when multisampling is enabled to numSamples . By default, multisampling is disabled.

另请参阅 samples ().

void QSurfaceFormat:: setStencilBufferSize ( int size )

将首选蜡纸缓冲大小设为 size 位。

另请参阅 stencilBufferSize ().

void QSurfaceFormat:: setStereo ( bool enable )

enable is true enables stereo buffering; otherwise disables stereo buffering.


Stereo buffering provides extra color buffers to generate left-eye and right-eye images.

另请参阅 stereo ().

void QSurfaceFormat:: setSwapBehavior ( QSurfaceFormat::SwapBehavior behavior )

设置交换 behavior 为表面。

The swap behavior specifies whether single, double, or triple buffering is desired. The default, DefaultSwapBehavior , gives the default swap behavior of the platform.

另请参阅 swapBehavior ().

[since 5.3] void QSurfaceFormat:: setSwapInterval ( int interval )

Sets the preferred swap interval. The swap interval specifies the minimum number of video frames that are displayed before a buffer swap occurs. This can be used to sync the GL drawing into a window to the vertical refresh of the screen.

Setting an interval value of 0 will turn the vertical refresh syncing off, any value higher than 0 will turn the vertical syncing on. Setting interval to a higher value, for example 10, results in having 10 vertical retraces between every buffer swap.

默认间隔为 1。

Changing the swap interval may not be supported by the underlying platform. In this case, the request will be silently ignored.

该函数在 Qt 5.3 引入。

另请参阅 swapInterval ().

void QSurfaceFormat:: setVersion ( int major , int minor )

设置期望 major and minor OpenGL 版本。

默认版本为 2.0。

另请参阅 version ().

int QSurfaceFormat:: stencilBufferSize () const

返回蜡纸缓冲大小 (以位为单位)。

另请参阅 setStencilBufferSize ().

bool QSurfaceFormat:: stereo () const

返回 true if stereo buffering is enabled; otherwise returns false. Stereo buffering is disabled by default.

另请参阅 setStereo ().

QSurfaceFormat::SwapBehavior QSurfaceFormat:: swapBehavior () const


另请参阅 setSwapBehavior ().

[since 5.3] int QSurfaceFormat:: swapInterval () const


该函数在 Qt 5.3 引入。

另请参阅 setSwapInterval ().

[since 5.3] bool QSurfaceFormat:: testOption ( QSurfaceFormat::FormatOption option ) const

返回 true 若格式选项 option 有设置;否则返回 false。

该函数在 Qt 5.3 引入。

另请参阅 options ().

QPair < int , int > QSurfaceFormat:: version () const

Returns a QPair<int, int> representing the OpenGL version.

Useful for version checks, for example format.version() >= qMakePair(3, 2)

另请参阅 setVersion ().


bool operator!= (const QSurfaceFormat & lhs , const QSurfaceFormat & rhs )

返回 false 若所有选项对于两 QSurfaceFormat 对象 lhs and rhs 相等;否则返回 true .

bool operator== (const QSurfaceFormat & lhs , const QSurfaceFormat & rhs )

返回 true 若所有选项对于两 QSurfaceFormat 对象 lhs and rhs 相等。